Electricity generation in India has had a tremendous growth from 1362 MW in 1947 to 301,965 MW in 2016 i.e., at an average compounded growth rate of about 8%. Electrical power from renewable sources (other than hydel power) started its contribution only from 1996. The per capita electrical power consumption grew from a mere 16.3 units in 1947 to 1010 units in 2015. Industrial units consume about 42%, domestic users about 23.5%, agriculture about 18.5%, commercial establishments about 8.8%, the rest goes for miscellaneous purposes.
As of 31 June 2016, the thermal power generation capacity added excluding renewable power is 82,415 MW against the target of 155,870 MW. As of 31 August 2016, the installed capacity of solar installations in India was 8.1 GW only.
Coal continued to be the major source for power generation (61.32%) while hydel power and other renewable power account for 14.17% and 14.15% respectively.
During the year 2015-16, though the total ex-bus energy availability increased by 5.8% over the previous year and the peak met increased by 5.2%, the energy requirement registered a growth of 4.3% during the year against the projected growth of 8.7% and Peak demand registered a growth of 3.5% against the projected growth of 5.9%. (CEA)
Anticipated All India Power Supply Position for the year 2016-17
According to the Load Generation Balance Report (LGBR) for the year 2016-17 brought out by CEA, the country is likely to have an energy surplus of 1.1% and peak surplus of 2.6%. Almost half of the states are predicted to be either surplus or balanced. A generation capacity addition of 16,654.5 MW has been considered in the LGBR for 2016-17 which is expected to facilitate the deficit states to reduce their shortages.